2022 Expedition Highlights Reel - Deep Sea Exploration and Beyond | Nautilus Live (2023)


Spending over 200 days at sea in 2022, E/V Nautilus and the Corps of Exploration explored the Central Pacific Ocean with deep sea dives, seafloor mapping, and brand-new partnerships venturing into the shallow ocean. Thank you for joining the adventure as we mapped over 162,000 km2 and explored never-before-surveyed areas of the ocean floor for over 534 hours across 34 ROV dives. With expeditions ranging as far as the Pacific Remote Islands and Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monuments, we ended our season close to Hawaiʻi launching the From Shore to the Abyss partnership program with near coastal research projects focusing on wildlife biology, maritime heritage, and plastic pollution. This highlight reel shares some of our adventures beneath the sea and the inspiring people and technologies that made them possible.

With over 8.3 million views of our exploration discoveries, we are proud to share a love of ocean exploration and science with communities worldwide. Thanks to the collaboration, partnerships, and our loyal audiences, 2022 was one of our most successful- and groundbreaking- seasons yet. Stay tuned to learn what we have in store for 2023 and beyond!

This season was made possible by the many partners who support Ocean Exploration Trust in our exploration, inspiration, and innovation mission. The 2022 expedition sponsors are NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration via the Ocean Exploration Cooperative Institute, the NOAA Office of Coast Survey, NOAA Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, the Office of Naval Research, and the National Geographic Society.

E/V Nautilus is exploring unknown regions of the ocean seeking out new discoveries in biology, geology, and archaeology. Join us 24/7 for live video from the seafloor and to ask questions of our explorers currently aboard Nautilus: www.nautiluslive.org.

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(Ethereal music) - [Researcher 1] Hey, vehicle's in the water.

We okay to launch? - [Researcher 2], All, good, proceed.

- [Researcher 3] Octopus? - [Researcher 1] Is that an octopus? Dumbo? - [Researcher 3] No, again?, Oh.

My God, I, love it.

So much.

- [Annabelle] Wait.

This is so cool.

- [Researcher 3] It, doesn't, even look real.

- [Everyone] Oh! - [Researcher 5] Wait, oh.

- [Researcher 3].



Go in! - [Researcher 1], Oh, chaunacops., (Researcher, 3, gasps) - [Researcher 5] Chaunacops, two! - [Researcher 3] Yay! - [Researcher 7] Yay! - [Researcher 5] This is so strange.

- [Researcher 3].


The colors are beautiful.

Ooh, what's, that? - [Researcher 1] It's, a big- - [Researcher 3] Oh, it's, a big..

Oh, it's, a chimera! Oh.

These are my favorite.


So this is Hydrolagus, and chimeras are really interesting, they're, not quite sharks, they're, not quite fish.

So they're.

Their own group- - [Researcher 1] Yeah, that's, kinda- - [Researcher 3] And.

They got their name "chimera" because you can see they have these sort of lines on their skin, making them look like they're, sort of patch, worked together.

They, sort of have a reflective film, sort of like how when you see a cat or a dog at night and there's a little bit of light.

So it reflects back.


What we're sort of seeing.

Oh, look at his little face.

- [Researcher 1] Oh.

We gotta go get a shot of that.

(Girls laugh) - [Researcher 3] Aw, I, love it.

- [Researcher 5] Batfish? - [Annabelle] Batfish! - [Researcher 5] Oh is it? - [Researcher 1] Little timid.

- [Researcher 3] Oh yeah.

- [Researcher 5] Oh.

We saw one of these on our launch.

- [Researcher 3], Yeah, you're, right.

- [Researcher 5] I think it's a batfish.

Oh he's.

So weird, oh- - [Researcher 3] Look at him.

- [Researcher 5] Our batfish was a bit cuter.

This guy is very toothy.

(Researcher 3 laughs) - [Researcher 3] He has a lot of attitude.

- [Researcher 5] Wow.

- [Researcher 3] It's, pretty symmetrical.

- [Researcher 5] Is this in the angler fish family? - [Annabelle] It is, yes.

- [Researcher 5] See, a little lure down there., Oh, hello, hello., Do.

You think we could get a zoom on that? - [Researcher 3] Yeah.

Can we get a zoom there? - [Annabelle] Yeah definitely, I'm working in for it.

- [Research 5] Great.

- [Researcher 3] That looks strange.

What is that? - [Researcher 5], Little slime star., Big slime star, actually.

- [Researcher 3] Yes, yes, very big slime star.

- [Researcher 5] Monster slime star.

- [Researcher 3] Slime, star.

- [Annabelle] Mon-star., Right, there., (Annabelle, laughs) - [Researcher 3] Hm, oh, my.

Oh that looks nice.


3 laughs) - [Annabelle] What is it? - [Researcher 3] It's, a dumbo octopus.

- [Annabelle] Oh my.

- [Researcher 2] A, mini one.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah it's got the biggest dumbo flappy, flaps., (Researcher, 3 laughs) - [Annabelle] Is.

It young? Is that why it looks different? - [Researcher 3] I.

Think it might be a different species than what we normally see.


This is like an orange color and the- - [Annabelle] Should.

We take away the lasers? - [Researcher 1] It's.

Tentacles seem to be quite long.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Steven] Taking away.

The lasers.

- [Researcher 3] Looks, a little like a Vampyroteuthis.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah, or a Stauroteuthis.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.


So cute, I can't get over it.

- [Annabelle] I know.

Oh, what a great view.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Annabelle] How.

It swims.

- [Researcher 3] This is great.

This is my favorite, definitely.

I've been waiting to see one of these throughout the entire cruise, and I'm really happy about this.

(ethereal music) Can.

We get a zoom?- - [Researcher 5] These are so amazing.

So weird., I, love these.

- [Annabelle] Oh, wow.

- [Researcher 5] Just.

So strange.

- [Annabelle] Mhm.

- [Researcher 3].

The colors are beautiful.

- [Researcher 5] Can.

You try changing your lights again? - [Annabelle] Yeah.

- [Researcher 5] Yeah, go for it.

Oh yeah.

- [Researcher 3] Ooh! - [Researcher 5] I like that.

- [Researcher 3] Nice contrast.

- [Researcher 5] Wow.

- [Researcher 3] Hello.

Where are you going? - [Researcher 5]? The.

Nice thing about shooting these is that you don't have to do anything.

- [Researcher 3] Oh.

My God.

(Researcher 5, laughs) - [Researcher 5] They, just like..

- [Researcher 4] Aw.

- [Researcher 3] Beautiful.

- [Researcher 5] Wow.

- [Researcher 6] What.

Do we call this again? - [Researcher 3], A, Holothurian., There's.

So many different ones- - [Annabelle] Yeah.

There are many different ones.

Yeah, that's, just the very broad grouping.


- [Researcher 3] So do they- - [Researcher 5] Favorite.

Dance, move.

- [Researcher 6] This is my favorite, I like this one.

(ethereal music) - [Annabelle] That one's carrying something.

- [Researcher 3] Where? - [Annabelle] It just went up the rock.

- [Researcher 3].

Oh, I didn't, see it.

- [Researcher 6], Me, neither, I, missed it.

- [Annabelle] Yeah.

It was going as fast as it could, there.

It is.

- [Researcher 3] Ooh.

The red crab? - [Annabelle] Yeah- - [Steven] Want me to zoom in on it, team? - [Annabelle] So it's.

One of those homolid crabs.

- [Researcher 3] He's, fast, look at him! - [Annabelle] And.

This one has an anemone it's carrying.

- [Researcher 3] Oh.

My God.

- [Annabelle] You see? - [Researcher 1] Oh yeah.

- [Researcher 3] Oh.

My gosh, he's on the move.

Now does the anemone just live on him? - [Annabelle] No, it's carrying it.

- [Researcher 3], Oh, it's, physically carrying it.

- [Researcher 4] Yup.

- [Researcher 3] Like.

It could just drop it at any time.

- [Annabelle] I mean, if it wanted to, yeah, sure.

- [Researcher 3] What are the advantages of that? Oh, he's..


Where is he taking it? - [Annabelle]? He? Loves it.

(Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 3] What.

Does he do with it? - [Annabelle] He holds it.

- [Researcher 3] You've got a friend in me.

(Annabelle laughs) - [Researcher 5] Oh.

Someone else crawling on these two.

- [Annabelle] Oh, hello.


You want porch light, on? - [Researcher 5], Sure., Wait.

A minute, do we know, is that? No, but it..

It just looks like it's.

A head.

- [Researcher 3] I know! - [Researcher 5] It's, just its head it's not- - [Researcher 3] It's like a bulb with a tail attached.

- [Researcher 5] Wow, that's, an interesting fish.

What is that one? - [Researcher 3] That's, a big nose on that guy.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah, Chris is confirming halosaur for that lighter purple one.

- [Researcher 5] Okay, back.

It away.

- [Researcher 1] They're competing for the limelight.

(Researcher, 3 laughs) - [Researcher 5] Yeah, wow, that is so bulbous.

(Annabelle laughs) - [Researcher 3] Oh.

The crab! - [Researcher 5] But I just found the name of the hermit crab too, just a little bit ago.

It is Parapagurus, Parapagurus, I, don't know how to say that correctly.

- [Annabelle] Just out for a walk.

- [Researcher 5] Do, a little bump down here, one sec.

You guys.

- [Researcher 1], Oh, that's, cool.

- [Researcher 5], Oh, wait, yeah., Hello.

- [Researcher 1] Who's, eating who? - [Researcher 5] Who's, eating who?, (Researcher, 3, laughs), Yeah, I think it's just a mobile home.

(Annabelle laughs) - [Researcher 2] Negative, nothing.

- [Researcher 5] That.

Crab is wondering what this giant yellow crab is doing in its territory.

(Researcher 5, laughs) - [Researcher 3] It's, a stare off now.

- [Researcher 1], Oh, what's up, here? Ooh.

Look at this thing.

What are you? - [Researcher 5] Hm.

- [Researcher 3] Oh.

- [Researcher 1] Look at all these baskets.

- [Researcher 3] It looks like those baskets.

- [Researcher 1] They're on a bubble gum coral.

Zoom in please.

- [Researcher 3] But they're on something.

- [Researcher 1] I think it's a bubble gum coral.

- [Researcher 5] I.

Think you are right.

Push it in in a bit.

So we can look at this a little bit more? It's like three different things on top of each other.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Researcher 5] Oh.

My goodness, I, forget, I'll, come back to you in a second.

(Researcher 5, laughs) All, right, everybody, (Researcher 5, laughs), all of our scientists ashore are like.

"Wow, wow!" - [Annabelle] There are sea urchins down below there, also.

- [Researcher 1] All sorts of good stuff.

- [Annabelle] Yeah, it's so- - [Researcher 6] Lots of stuff intertwined around each other, some moving, some not.

- [Steven] Can.

You come up on Delta, please?, And, tilt your camera down.

- [Annabelle] Yes.

- [Researcher 5] Clearly, a cool spot to be.

- [Researcher 6] Oh.

Look at what's on the back side.

- [Researcher 5] Yeah.

So we got basket stars on the back.

- [Researcher 6] Yeah for sure basket stars.

- [Researcher 5] Can.

We tell what the underlying coral is? It's just a..


It Paragorgia? - [Researcher 7], My, untrained, eye says, yes.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Annabelle] Holy cow.

- [Researcher 5] Wow.

This is intense.

- [Annabelle] That is gorgeous.

- [Researcher 5] Some type, of- - [Researcher 6] Holy moly.

- [Researcher 5] Coralloides.

- [Researcher 6] How.

Many organisms are on this.

One structure?, (Researcher, 6, laughs) - [Researcher 5] That's, a great question.

- [Researcher 3] Wow.

- [Researcher 6], Oh, definitely one, two, three, at least four all things that look different.

But they're all intertwined.

- [Researcher 5] So.

Their suggestion of the basket star might be worth trying to sample one of them, there's many to choose from.

- [Researcher 1] Okay.

- [Researcher 5] I don't even know what the best way is to sample a basket star.

- [Researcher 1], Come, wide, please., I, think- - [Researcher 5] Wow.

- [Researcher 1] Maybe, just maybe.

We could slurp this center part- - [Researcher 5] Yep.

- [Researcher 1] Use, the suction, and put it in the front bio box., I think I'll squish it and try to use the slurp as a suction cup.

- [Researcher 5] Oh, okay.

- [Researcher 1] I, don't think it'll fit in the slurp- - [Researcher 5], I, see, I, see, I, see., Okay.

We are at 50 percent., (ethereal, music), (Researcher 1, grunts) - [Researcher 1], No, they're, stubborn., 70 percent? - [Researcher 5], All, right, we're up to 70.

(ethereal music) - [Annabelle] I'm gonna stop there and open it up for some questions.

And if there aren't any questions at this time, I can continue talking about more things., (Researcher, 3, laughs), Yes, it's, an anemone.

(Researcher, 3, laughs) - [Researcher 1] Can.

We get a zoom on this one when we get a chance? - [Steven] Sure.

- [Researcher 1] Just get around to it.

I think that's an anemone.

It looks like.

- [Annabelle] What are we looking at? - [Researcher 1] I'm, trying to figure that out.

- [Steven] Is there, a particular area you wanna look at, or? - [Researcher 1] Yeah.

If you can just get in as tight as possible on the polyps.

- [Steven] I'll, see what it looks like here.

- [Researcher 1] Squat lobster in there.

Oh, looks like a bamboo coral, possibly.


You can see some- - [Steven] Okay.

- [Researcher 7] Yeah.

- [Researcher 1] Dark, sort of banding on the skeleton.

Characteristic of- - [Steven] Sorry.

One more time.

- [Researcher 1] Bamboo corals.

- [Researcher 7] Yep.

- [Researcher 1] And that sort of pink in the center of the polyp is typically a pretty good indication of bamboo coral as well.

- [Researcher 7], Oh, that's, cool, they're all clenching there.

- [Annabelle] Does, an area like this, technically count as a coral reef? And.

What constitutes a coral reef? Is there? A reason that deep sea coral seems to be far more spread apart than coral near the surface? - [Researcher 1] That's.

A really good question.

Coral reef is when coral accrues over many generations, so coral grows and then its skeleton dies.

And then more coral grows on top of that.


It basically creates its own habitat.

That is not what we're seeing here.

This would probably fall under what is a coral garden, which is a really- - [Researcher 7] Thank you.

- [Researcher 1], High density and diverse area of corals.

But it is not composed of corals growing on other dead, corals, it's composed of corals, just growing on rocks., And, coral gardens, like this can go much, much deeper.

- [Steven] Can.

You remind me what the Plexaura is? - [Researcher 5] It's, a type of coral.

- [Steven] Coral, okay.

I, don't know, which one we're looking at., (Steven laughs) - [Researcher 5], Oh, I'm, sorry., To point, at., Over, here.

- [Steven] It's fine, yeah.

Roger that., Yellow.

- [Researcher 5] Yeah.

It kind of does look like Zoanthids attached to another coral, I'm, not sure.


See what our scientists ashore have to say.

- [Steven] Thank you.

- [Researcher 5] Okay, come wide.

- [Researcher 1] Little bit of that gray sponge, too there.

Just on the crack.

- [Researcher 5] What's on it, might just be brittle stars.


It doesn't look there's.

Maybe a demosponge in the back.

- [Researcher 1] Oh yeah.

- [Researcher 5] Attached to the rock- - [Researcher 1] Good catch.

- [Researcher 5] But it's, a little different than the one we saw earlier in the dive.

- [Researcher 1] Can.

You push in more there, Steve? - [Researcher 5] There's.

Also a squat lobster down there at the bottom.

- [Researcher 1] Is that a sponge? - [Researcher 7] No I think that's what we just saw- - [Researcher 5], Oh, you're, right, that's, a- - [Researcher 1] Zoanthid.

- [Researcher 3] A zoanthid! - [Researcher 5], You're, right, you're, right.

- [Researcher 3] Oh, Annabelle.

- [Researcher 5] It's attached to a..

(ethereal, music), (Researcher 5, gasps) - [Researcher 3], Go, go, go, go! - [Annabelle] Moving, whoa.

- [Researcher 6] I have never seen it move.

This is amazing.

- [Researcher 3] Aw! - [Researcher 5] Oh, that's, cool.

- [Researcher 6] Oh.

My gosh.

- [Researcher 3] It is now- - [Researcher 7] Bottom, sea, that's, all we're doing.

- [Researcher 3] Oh.

My gosh, look! - [Researcher 5] This is a sea pig.

- [Researcher 6] It's, a sea pig! - [Researcher 5] Swimming., (Researcher, 6, gasps) - [Researcher 6] Oh.

This is so magical.

- [Researcher 3] I have never- - [Researcher 6] Oh.

My gosh.

This is amazing.

- [Researcher 3] It's doing the wave.

- [Researcher 6] It's doing the worm.

- [Researcher 5] It's doing the worm.

(Researcher 6, laughs) - [Researcher 3] It's doing the worm.

- [Researcher 6] Totally doing the worm.

- [Annabelle] Oh that's, not graceful.

- [Researcher 5] We need to come up with a new dance.

Move called "The Sea Pig".

- [Researcher 6] Okay., (Researcher, 6, laughs) - [Researcher 5] This needs our choreography for the end of the cruise.

- [Researcher 3] Annabelle, are you on it? - [Annabelle] I'm all over it.

(Researcher 6, laughs) - [Researcher 6] Wow.

Look at that.

- [Annabelle] This is not how I expected them to swim.

(Researcher, 6, laughs) - [Researcher 6] Me neither.

- [Researcher 5] Well that was delightful.

Wow, really cool.

- [Researcher 1] Something., (ethereal, music) - [Researcher 3] Oh.

- [Annabelle] Oh, wow, what's this? - [Researcher 5] What is this?.

Hello, Mr., Sea, Cucumber.

- [Researcher 3] Oh, it's.

Another one.

- [Researcher 5] Oh, please be a chicken.

Headless chicken.

It is.

Go ahead and push in on him there, a little.

He's gonna push on it to us, actually.

- [Researcher 6] Uh oh.

- [Researcher 5] Just kidding.

- [Researcher 1] Hello there.

- [Researcher 5] It reminds me a little bit of the guys we'd seen in the basin sometimes.

But different.

- [Researcher 3] Okay.

- [Researcher 5] Wee! - [Researcher 3] It's, like- (Researcher 1, laughs) - [Researcher 1] I, love that.

- [Researcher 3] A sea pig bonanza, today.

- [Researcher 5] That's, cool.

- [Annabelle] That's great.

- [Researcher 5] Interesting., I love, the color on those, it's, like they take themselves.

So seriously., (Researcher 1, laughs), Yeah., (Researcher, 3, laughs) - [Annabelle] It's.

So cool, it's like dancing.

- [Researcher 6], I, know, right?, That's exactly what I said in my highlight, dancing sea, cucumber.

Ooh! You are flexible! (Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 7] It's like it's final pose there., (Researcher, 6, laughs) Hold.

- [Researcher 3] Do.

You think this is like a defense mechanism? - [Researcher 6] I, don't, know.

- [Researcher 3] I.

Hope, not.

(ethereal music) - [Steven] Wow.

Oh, might be my favorite fish.

- [Researcher 6] You have a favorite fish? - [Steven] Oh yeah.

- [Researcher 6] Tripod, fish.

- [Steven] There.

It is! - [Researcher 6], Oh, Steven's, excited, guys.

We gotta zoom.

- [Researcher 3].

We've got everybody's, favorite creatures.


(Researcher, 6, laughs) - [Researcher 6] Wait, it's called a tripod fish? - [Steven] So I can tell you where the current's coming from.

- [Researcher 6] Oh.

This is cool.

- [Researcher 3] Wow.

- [Researcher 6] This is pretty.

- [Researcher 3] Look at the headdress.

- [Steven] See.

How it's got his fins down? - [Researcher 6] Oh, is that why you like it? - [Steven] No.

This looks like there's something growing on it, or caught on it.

I, don't know, what we're looking at there.

- [Researcher 5] It looks almost like a sea spider or something.

- [Researcher 6] On.

The left there? - [Researcher 5] No, on the fish.

- [Steven] Oh, whoa! - [Researcher 6] Oh, bye! - [Steven] I've.

Never seen it with those gills like that.

- [Annabelle] Yeah, me neither.

- [Researcher 6] Yeah I think it was a part of his body.

Bye! - [Steven] That's, a different type of tripod.

- [Annabelle] Can.

We look at this little guy?, (Researcher 5, gasps) - [Researcher 5] Is it.

What I think it is? Oh, my gosh- - [Researcher 3] Is.

It a dandelion? - [Researcher 5] Oh.

My gosh, you guys, it's.

Another one.

- [Researcher 3], It, is.

- [Researcher 5] Oh.

My God, stop, look at it., Oh, it's, perfect in every way.

- [Annabelle] It's extruding! - [Researcher 7] Yay! - [Researcher 5] Oh.

My gosh, look at it go.

- [Researcher 7], Dandelion, Siphonophore., (ethereal, music) - [Annabelle] Those are so cool.

- [Researcher 5] It's twirling.

It is dancing! - [Researcher 3] Look at that! - [Researcher 7], That's, nice, right.


- [Annabelle] That is so cool.

- [Researcher 5] Oh that right there.



We do not want you to dramatically exit the screen yet.

(Annabelle and Researcher 7, laugh) Oh, God, it's, just like just twirling around throwing flowers, out.

It's, like, oh!, (Everyone, laughs) - [Researcher 6] It just did that just for you.

- [Researcher 5].

I, love you! - [Researcher 1] That's, dramatic.

- [Researcher 7], Yeah, that's, really, pretty., Beautiful, shots.

- [Steven] Yeah, nice.

- [Researcher 5] Beautiful.

- [Researcher 7] Look at that.

Look at the contrast with the dark.

- [Researcher 5], I, love it.

And there are so many colors.

- [Researcher 7] Yes.

- [Annabelle] It's just beautiful night.

- [Researcher 7] Can.

We do a Niskin here? - [Steven] Yeah.

We're, fine on the Niskin.

Whenever we are good on the shot, here.

- [Researcher 7] That sea, star's probably either- - [Steven] Off camera, there.

- [Researcher 7] Evoplosoma or Hippasteria.

- [Researcher 1] Oh yeah.

- [Steven] You can see quite a few of those.

- [Researcher 7] Really, is, that's, a cover photo.

(ethereal music) - [Researcher 7] Oh, that's, a chaunacops.

- [Researcher 5] Chaunacops.

- [Researcher 7] Sounds like a Pokemon.

One of those.

(Everyone, laughs), Frowny, little angler, fish.

- [Researcher 1], Yeah, they're, funny.

- [Researcher 3] Aw, they're, cute.

- [Researcher 7] Always, a fan favorite.

- [Researcher 1] They have little feet.

- [Researcher 7] Yeah! - [Steven] Okay.

We should move in.

- [Researcher 7] Perch up on their hind I.

Guess? Their dorsal fins, right?, Or, sorry- - [Researcher 1] Pectoral fins? - [Researcher 5] I'm, getting carried away.

- [Researcher 7] Interesting, sort of between the eyes how it's..

It looks like.

It has a whole in its face.

- [Researcher 1] Can.

You see its little angler? - [Researcher 3], Oh, it's, opening.

- [Researcher 5] Gulp.

- [Researcher 7] Showing, off., (Researcher 1, laughs) - [Researcher 5] I.

Am the gulp.

- [Steven] Whoa.

- [Researcher 1] Oh.

My God.

- [Steven] Whoa! - [Researcher 7] Was that like a yawn? (Steven laughs) - [Researcher 6] It looked like to me that was like, "I might wanna eat it." "Or, maybe I don't.

Wanna eat it." - [Researcher 7] Headless, chicken., (Guys, laughs) Wasn't that the name of something actually? (Researcher 7, laughs) - [Researcher 1] I.

Think there is a headless chicken in the deep sea, yeah.

- [Researcher 3] A swimming sea, cucumber? - [Researcher 1] The.

Swimming advantages are so cool, wow.

- [Annabelle] Oh.

My goodness.

- [Researcher 1] I have a potential genus identification on it.

So this might be an Enypniastes.

- [Researcher 7] Kinda creepy, looking from this angle.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.


My gosh.

- [Researcher 7] Whoa! - [Researcher 3] This is kinda crazy.

- [Annabelle] Still going.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Annabelle] I, love, it., (Researcher, 3, laughs) - [Researcher 3] It's.

So cool.

- [Annabelle] My, new color for the year.

- [Researcher 3] I know.

- [Annabelle] Is.

This color right here that we're seeing.

Like, maroon., Oh, I'm tripping at the way it swims.

- [Researcher 7] It is really wild.

It just pushes itself along.

- [Steven] Okay.

- [Researcher 1] Nice find.

- [Researcher 3] Bye bye! - [Researcher 5] What is that? - [Researcher 6] What is that?.

Yeah, I.

Can't tell.

It has a thick looking- - [Researcher 1] Zoom in on the squishy thing please? - [Researcher 3], Feather, star?, Ooh! - [Researcher 7] What are you? - [Researcher 6] What is that? - [Annabelle] Wow, that's- - [Researcher 6] Ooh! - [Researcher 3] Wow.

- [Annabelle] Awesome.

- [Researcher 6] Oh.

- [Annabelle] That looks like a wind tunnel.

- [Researcher 6] Yeah.

It like curves back.

- [Researcher 3] That is incredible.

Ooh, it's, folding, in, it's, moving- - [Researcher 6] Oh.

My gosh! - [Researcher 3], It's, responding.

- [Researcher 1] Okay.

You can turn it off.

- [Researcher 6] Oh.

My goodness.

- [Steven] Or are we just thrusting water in it? - [Researcher 3] Oh, maybe.

- [Annabelle] Oh.

My gosh.

- [Researcher 6] Yeah.


First I was like.

"That crinoid has a very thick stock." But.

Then when I got closer I was like, "Wait, not that's, not what that is." - [Researcher 3] Oh.

My goodness.

- [Researcher 6] Ooh.

Oh, my gosh.

- [Researcher 3], Wow., It's like a carousel.

- [Steven] Can.

You try porch, light, please? - [Annabelle] Do.

You guys want lasers on or off? - [Researcher 5] This is fine.

- [Annabelle] Okay.

I'm just looking through our list to see if this is something that's on our wish list.

- [Steven] All right, I should get going now, I got- - [Annabelle] But.

I don't see it.

- [Researcher 6], Come, in, one., (ethereal, music) - [Researcher 1] Let's.

Look that way, and let's look left- - [Researcher 6] What is this? - [Researcher 1] It looks like a dried lake bed.

- [Researcher 7] Yep.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah, okay.

- [Researcher 5] Yeah, maybe let's go to the right just a little bit.

It looked like it might have a chance of being a little thicker.

- [Steven] To.

The right.

- [Researcher 7] It's like you can just see tire, tracks., (Everyone laughs) - [Annabelle] It is crazy.

How dry it looks and it's at the bottom of the ocean.

- [Researcher 6] Right, isn't that crazy? - [Steven] Yeah.

So this way? - [Researcher 5] Oh, wow, yeah, that's, not sediment, that's like baked- - [Researcher 6] Yeah.

- [Researcher 5] Crust.


You could peel it off.

- [Researcher 7] Wow, look up to the left there, it's like bricks in a way.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Researcher 1] Oh, weird, yeah.

- [Researcher 5] Okay.

- [Researcher 1] Almost, done.

- [Researcher 5], Oh, yeah, whoa, let's, go up and look at that.

- [Steven] Yeah, roger.

- [Researcher 5] That is a really unique structure.

- [Researcher 6] Are.

These are a bunch of crinoids On those- - [Researcher 5] Yes.

- [Researcher 6] Interesting.

- [Researcher 5] I don't think a push is going to be successful, but I am interested in- - [Researcher 6] Wow.

Look at that.

- [Researcher 3] What is that? - [Researcher 5] I feel like I'm, looking at- - [Researcher 3] Atlantis.

- [Researcher 7] Yeah, it's, the road to Atlantis.

(Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 3] The.

Yellow brick.

Road? - [Researcher 5] This is the yellow brick.


- [Researcher 1] Wow.

- [Researcher 5] Can.

We get some still camera shots of this please? - [Researcher 3] Yeah, get lots of 'em- - [Researcher 5] I feel like we're on Mt.

Vesuvius like excavating.

- [Researcher 6] Right.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Steven] This is bizarre, yeah.

- [Annabelle] It's.

So cool.

- [Researcher 5] Are.

You kidding? This is crazy.

- [Researcher 6] It's like bricks.

This is weird.

- [Steven] Just trying to get a little expedience.

- [Researcher 6] Just that one spot too.

(Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 3] That is so weird.

- [Researcher 6] I feel like it's like tiny pieces of brick.

Maybe got crushed up or something.

- [Steven] All right, that's.

My limit.

- [Annabelle] Okay.

- [Steven] It's, a really unique feature, that was really something.

- [Annabelle] All right.

We can resume our regular heading.

- [Narrator] Our third expedition of 2022 features, NOAA Ocean, Exploration, Cooperative, Institute partners in a collaborative effort to test, refine, and demonstrate new technologies working together to expand our capabilities to explore the world's ocean.

E/V, Nautilus' back deck is full, as OECI partners, University of New, Hampshire, mobilized, their un-crewed surface, vessel, DriX, and Woods.

Hole, Oceanographic Institution brings hybrid, remotely operated underwater, vehicle, Mesobot, and hybrid.

Rov, Nereid, Under, Ice, aboard., This.

Technology, integration takes many goals from last season's technology test even further.

We're focusing on developing protocols and pushing our capabilities in the use of autonomous or un-crewed vehicles to expand our ocean exploration footprint.

- [Narrator 2], Hi, everybody, it's.

Another glorious day here on the E/V Nautilus.

And we had a few huge wins.

We wanted to share that with you.

The key objection of this expedition was to get our autonomous vehicles and coordinate them with the ship and to coordinate them with each other.


The first step of that was getting them to speak in the same language, and that's the language of sound, via their acoustic modems.

It sounds simple, but it's, not really.

They're developed by different engineering teams.

So we have different mission parameters to consider, but we did it.

Nautilus communicated with the DriX, with NUI, and the Mesobot.

And DriX, operated successfully as a relay to both, sending and receiving messages to vehicles in the ship.

- [Narrator 3] Hey, folks, it's been a couple days since this technology integration cruise.

And we wanted to give a brief update on where we're at as weather blows in., We're, pretty tired.

We had a long night, but this recovery highlights the importance of teamwork.

And the coordination between engineers, scientists, ship, and crew., (water, splashing) I'm on the Mesobot team.

And this robot specializes in diving, quietly and unobtrusively to study the twilight zone of the mid ocean throughout the night.

We launched.

This mission in somewhat decent weather.

But as the wind picked up, we were forced to recover in less than ideal conditions., (intense, upbeat, music), (water, crashing), Recoveries in this environment are challenging, and definitely kicked the team into high gear.

We're, relying on training that's honed by practice, that's.

What makes expeditions like this one so valuable., A chance to iterate and improve on how we communicate with the ship and crew to recover our little autonomous, explorer.


It doesn't always work out, like our first attempt that saw the ship and robot not quite coming close enough.

So we could grab Mesobot safely.

This is a dangerous dance between a 1,200 ton vessel like Nautilus, and tiny, Mesobot.


We make the call, try again.

This time with the wind from a different quarter.

It takes awhile, but the captain and crew maneuver Nautilus in a careful arc.

And that lets the wind push from a different direction.

(Upbeat, music), It's, go time.

First spotters, keep Mesobot.

Well, lit, it's coming from a side hidden from view.

So these lights are incredibly important.


We use a recovery hook to attach the crane's line to Mesobot.

With that secured, it's, just a matter of carefully hauling it in.

You can see how important communication is between the crane, operator, deck chief, and our team, to keep this safe.

But there.

It is, Mesobot home on Nautilus, safe and secure and ready to explore again.

(Lively music) - [Narrator 4], Hi everyone.

Our last update from this technology, integration challenge.


This expedition, each team came with its own list of things that needed to be checked out, validated, or improved on each robot and Nautilus itself as we integrated our systems to operate together.


It all came together during our last couple of dives, where we successfully demonstrated a full stack of three vehicles, exploring different dynamics of the ocean.

All at the same time, with Nautilus operating nearby.

This is a new paradigm for at sea.


Here are a few updates from those last few missions., (bright music) - [Larry] Hi everybody.

This is Larry here from the DriX team.


Vehicle was launched first for both of these operations, demonstrating a few key elements that enabled all the vehicles to work together.

First, mapping., At.

Its core, DriX is a specialized vehicle for fast, efficient, and high quality mapping.

- [Narrator 4] Throughout.

This cruise, we've gotten pretty good at our core missions of deploying Mesobot to follow iselooms, or sample EDA with thin layer.


Those successes were on solo drives with Nautilus.


These final dives, we were keen to demonstrate our ability to communicate and adjust a mission through DriX, well away from the ship, as we interrogated its sensors in real time.

These vehicles communicate with tiny text messages, about the size of a text message on your phone., Little SMS messages that flow back and forth between acoustic modems.


What it looks like.


A real challenge is when there is multiple vehicles in the water.

And each is trying to communicate over different protocols., In, effect, different languages., It's, even more complicated.

When they're all talking at the same time.

Imagine, a group chap between Nautilus.

And these robots on your phone.

Mesobot's designed to constantly text its position and status into its surroundings.

It can also acknowledge when a message gets received, but no more.

That's by design.


It can get a bit spammy.

Another challenge is that Mesobot needs to remain close enough to an acoustic modem to send and receive good text, messages, that's where DriX steps in with its long range data, length sensors, and its ability to follow Mesobot.

Closely., (fun, music), With, a good, acoustic link, and data flowing from sensors to ship.

We were able to not only monitor positions, but even drive Mesobot using real-time data.

- [Narrator 5] As.

We reached the pinnacle, Mesobot was sampling above and DriX was circling on the surface.

Our light.

Fiber, tether enabled this unique mission profile as Nautilus was able to keep clear of DriX on the surface, while we operated as an ROV directly under the other vehicles that were deployed, using our cameras and sensors to explore the sea floor.


Having this tether was additionally valuable to develop our own acoustic communications protocols to work through DriX, a key capability.

We wanted to demonstrate as part of this multi-vehicle jamboree, as we shifted to exploring in autonomous mode.

Through DriX.

We continued our exploration mission using NUI's, co-exploration, protocols., Co-exploration, or co-ex, allows the users to select what information they think is most valuable and prioritize those features over a low bandwidth.


It shows how onboard autonomy and data processing can provide actionable summaries of high resolution data that is otherwise only available post-processing.

- [Narrator] Hey, everyone, we're sneaking in a bit of, eek, math, into your day to demonstrate how engineers plan new ways for these robots to work together, a key objective of the expedition.

And the Ocean Exploration Cooperative, Institute., I, sat down with ocean, engineer, Val Schmidt to learn a bit about the math required to solve a problem.

- [Val] So.

We need a mathematical expression that roughly describes that variation of the distance that we can hear, maybe R in an equation, versus the speed that we're going, which I've used the variable V, here.


So now I have the speed at which to go that optimizes, the amount of area coverage, I need to figure out what the range is.

So that I know how to do that math, and I come up with a number that's about 1,000.

So that tells me that each of these spirals going around need to be about 2,000 meters apart.

And now I know, the optimal speed to go, and that will insure that I cover the most amount of area per unit time.

So I can go find my little buddy.

- [Researcher 5] Look at you.

- [Researcher 1] That is perfect.

- [Researcher 5] This is a perfect string of bamboo.

- [Researcher 1] Oh.

My gosh.

(Everyone laughs) - [Annabelle] Get.

The bubble cam out of view there.

- [Researcher 1] It's like a tiara type deal.

- [Researcher 5] Yeah.

- [Researcher 7] And there's, some sort of sea spider.

- [Researcher 5], Go ahead and push in on there, a bit please.

That's good.

- [Researcher 3] Wow.

- [Researcher 5], Oh, nice., Nice, crab hanging there.

- [Researcher 3] Ooh.

- [Researcher 5].


Back of this guy is cool.

This is victor gorga.

- [Researcher 7] Is that one big one? - [Researcher 3] Possibly alba.

- [Researcher 5] Wow.

- [Researcher 7] One, big star or a bunch of little ones? - [Researcher 1] No that's, a big star.

You can see its center- - [Researcher 7] That's, a big, one there.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah.

- [Researcher 5] That's.

So beautiful.

- [Steven] That's, a bamboo coral from the family Isididae, and I'm gonna half zoom.

We can figure out how it's branching.

And maybe we can find our ID a bit better.

- [Researcher 5] That's.

The biggest coral, we've seen all watch.

- [Steven] So it's.

A node brancher.

Maybe, genus Jasonisis., (ethereal music) - [Researcher 5], That's, gorgeous.

Look at that.

Atlanta view.

- [Researcher 1] Oh, yeah.

- [Researcher 5] For, same scale.

- [Researcher 1] All, right.

- [Researcher 7] Oh.

So this coral's actually pretty big.

- [Researcher 5], Mhm., Probably, a meter wide.

- [Researcher 7] Yeah.

- [Researcher 5] Meter, tall, figure? - [Researcher 7] I, don't, usually think about how big some of these things down here are, or even get to be.

- [Researcher 1] For scale.

The height of Hercules, is what? Two meters? - [Steven] Yeah.

Well over a meter.

- [Researcher 5] Yeah at least.

- [Researcher 1] Might be even taller than that.

- [Researcher 5] Mhm.

- [Steven] I'm gonna take my turn out in a dramatic fashion here.

- [Researcher 1] I like that., (ethereal, music), Check out Zeus.

- [Researcher 5] Look at those Mahis, that's unbelievable.

- [Researcher 1] I'm curious.

- [Researcher 3] That's cool, that fish is bound to determine not to let us.

Zoom in on its head.

(Researcher 5, laughs) - [Researcher 7], Come, on, Carl.

- [Researcher 5] Is that his name, Carl? - [Researcher 1] Yep, that's.

The name.

- [Researcher 5], Roger., All, right, pull away, please.

- [Researcher 6] Oh, wow.

- [Researcher 3], Ooh la.

La, la.

- [Researcher 7], Holy, there's, a good roller.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah.

- [Researcher 3] Oh, amazing.

- [Researcher 1], Zoom, in, please.

- [Researcher 5] Which.

One is this? Is.

This a spiral coral again? - [Researcher 7] I think it's the same spiral coral, yeah.

- [Steven] We, keep going in circles doing the same one., (Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 5] It's.

The same one? - [Annabelle] No.

(ethereal music) - [Researcher 5] I like the little tubes on the top there.

Pretty, interesting., (ethereal, music), I believe, this is a Phoridae.


This is a Phoriad glass.


(ethereal music) - [Annabelle] Very cool.

We're gonna get a look at the inside of it before we have to go.

(ethereal music) - [Researcher 1] That's, really beautiful.

- [Researcher 7] This is a- - [Annabelle] It's.

A cut- - [Researcher 1], Yeah, yeah, yeah., Synaphobranchidae, Eel, also known as a cutthroat eel.

- [Researcher 3] Wow.

- [Researcher 7] That's, a cutthroat eel.

- [Researcher 1] Yep.

- [Researcher 7] Huh.

- [Researcher 3] Wow.

- [Researcher 7] Nice shot, there.

- [Researcher 1] And.

It looks like it might have some parasites on it's gill plate.

- [Researcher 5] Wow, it's.

So graceful.

- [Researcher 1] I'm gonna turn auto head off.

And let you- - [Researcher 7] Oh! - [Researcher 1] Wow! - [Researcher 5] Reverse! Hit.

The brakes.


- [Researcher 1] You can see just above one of the pectoral fins- - [Researcher 7] Yeah.

Look at that.

- [Researcher 1] It has two white splotches.

Those might be parasitic crustaceans.

- [Researcher 7] Wow.

- [Researcher 5] Do.

We know what it eats? - [Researcher 1] I think they are detritivores, so they're, eating, you know, whatever falls from the surface.

- [Researcher 2] Crinoid came to say, hello.

- [Researcher 5] Get, him.

Push on in on this swimming beauty.

- [Researcher 1] Wow.

- [Researcher 2] Very graceful, very beautiful.

- [Researcher 5] It's in your porch.

- [Annabelle] Oh, yeah, too far, too far.

Don't go that way.

(ethereal music) - [Researcher 5] Got.

Any more zoom? - [Steven] Yep.

- [Researcher 3] Really nice example of their swimming.

- [Researcher 5] Yeah.

- [Researcher 7] That's.

So beautiful.

- [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Researcher 5], Nice, focus, that's, great.

- [Steven] Thanks.

(ethereal music) - [Researcher 5] All, right, pull away, please.

- [Researcher 7] Wow.

- [Researcher 5] Exit.

Lower screen.

- [Annabelle] You can see all the gut contents of it.

- [Researcher 7] Wow.

- [Researcher 1] Is that a sea pig? - [Researcher 3] That looks like a different species of sea cucumber other than the ones we've been seeing so far.

- [Researcher 7] That's bizarre.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah I would expect to see different ones down here.

- [Researcher 7], Please, wake up!, So, the back- - [Researcher 1] It's.

So clear.

- [Researcher 7] The back of that area, is that the intestinal track or is that something different? - [Researcher 1] Yeah, that's, intestinal., I, don't think, this is one of the swimming ones.

It doesn't seem to be adapted for that.


One seems to have these small little legs, which are basically tube feet or modified tube, feet.

- [Researcher 3] Wow, I, think- - [Researcher 7] That's, really cool.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah.

- [Researcher 3] Think, it's worth getting? - [Steven] Yeah.

We can try to collect it.

I think Liz wanted more shallower species.

- [Annabelle] Yeah.

- [Researcher 1] That's.

What I heard as well.

- [Steven] Yeah, let's pass on this one here.

- [Researcher 7], The, gut, contents, still.

- [Researcher 1], Good observation for identification, purposes.

- [Researcher 3] Good, eye.

- [Steven] All right, all set- - [Researcher 1] Moving, up.

- [Steven] Let's.

Move on.

- [Researcher 7] That's, really cool.

- [Steven] Yeah.

- [Researcher 3] Beautiful.

- [Steven] Good eye.

- [Researcher 7] The gut is so long- - [Researcher 1] Yeah.

Those intestinal tracks- - [Researcher 3] Getting.

A lot of food.

- [Researcher 1], Pretty, large., A lot of species were described initially from those collections, but we know we're using different tools, these days than dredges and nets.

And so we can see things in-situ, or in their own environment.

And that helps us have a better understanding of some of the life, history, traits, and characteristics of these animals.

(ethereal music) - [Researcher 5] Piece of a marine mammal.


Someone, who specializes in marine mammals would be able to determine that.

It's totally covered in ferromanganese.

So it's, very doubtful.

We'd be able to date anything useful there.

But we can at least get a species.

Id potentially.

- [Annabelle] Background, sorry, we're gonna get off the subject.


Subsequent proposal is I.

See Meso has a lock jaw on it.

We could put the fossil in there and bring it up and see if it stays.

- [Steven] Yeah.

So on the other arm? - [Annabelle] Yeah, other arm.

- [Steven] Yeah, I mean, if it doesn't block anything and it's sturdy in it.

- [Researcher 6], Oh, it'll, be sturdy.

- [Steven] Okay.

So yeah., (Everyone, laughs) - [Researcher 3], Okay, okay., Can, I, look at it? Can.

You look at it? - [Annabelle] The Meso? - [Researcher 3] Yeah.

- [Annabelle] I was just gonna pick it up with this guy, but I understand that it's easier to place it into its jaw.

(Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 5] And.

Then we'll just look out that way when we're going- - [Annabelle] Okay.

- [Researcher 5] Where do I want you to grip it?, I think I want you to go mid.

- [Researcher 6] People tuning in in the chat actually were suggesting to use the left claw to hold the fossil.

- [Researcher 5] I'd say, we have some dedicated fans.

There, definitely., (Researcher 5, laughs) - [Researcher 3] So.

Would this be classified as a grab? (Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 1] The, purest sense.

- [Annabelle] Move.

My wrist? - [Researcher 5] I think you're, good there, actually.

- [Annabelle] Okay.

Just a little bit towards you or no? Yeah.

You've got it.

(ethereal music) - [Researcher 5] Oh, that's, a good wrist.

Twitch right, there.

- [Annabelle] Okay, ready? - [Researcher 5] Go, ahead.

- [Annabelle] Jaw close.

- [Researcher 5] All, right.

- [Annabelle] Okay I'm- - [Researcher 5] Let.

It go.

- [Annabelle] Holding it., So, will it stay closed? If I let go of the jaw? Okay,? You promise? - [Researcher 5] Promise.

- [Annabelle] Okay, I'm, letting go, okay.

(Everyone, laughs), I, locked the jaw also.

- [Researcher 5], Roger.


So let's figure out how we wanna stow.

This now.

- [Annabelle] Okay.

- [Researcher 5] Ways away.

- [Researcher 7] It's like holding on by one little foot., (Researcher, 3 laughs) - [Researcher 5] Yeah.

Its spines are pushing it out of the scoop- - [Researcher 1] Yeah.

We might have to do suction.


- [Annabelle] That's okay.

- [Researcher 7] Oh, oh.

- [Steven] Oh, come on.

(Researcher, 3, laughs) - [Researcher 5] Oh.

- [Annabelle] Come on! - [Researcher 5] He's, just really running away.

- [Steven] "I.

Am tired".

(Everyone laughs) - [Annabelle] I feel like we're, getting outsmarted by something that doesn't have a brain.

(Everyone laughs) - [Steven] Happens to me all the time.

(Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 6] We are not the smartest on the planet, as we can see.

- [Researcher 3] Chasing urchins.

- [Researcher 6] Hey, that's.

Another good one.

- [Researcher 7] That's, a song.

- [Researcher 6] From the..

- [Researcher 7] It's, a spin off of "Chasing Waterfalls".

(Everyone, laughs) - [Researcher 3] Don't.

Go chasing urchins! - [Researcher 7] Don't.

Go chasing urchins!, (Researchers, 3 and 7, laugh) - [Researcher 3] That was great.

- [Researcher 7] I liked how we were in unison there.

- [Researcher 3], Yeah, yeah., (Researchers, 3 and 7, laugh) - [Annabelle] I think the suction might be the best option here.

- [Steven] Okay, okay, good.

- [Annabelle] Nice.

- [Researcher 1] Good.

- [Steven] Okay, come wide.

Please, then open the drawer.

- [Researcher 1] It reminds me of that old dog with feet that would kind go in the wild- - [Researcher 7] Oh no.

- [Researcher 1] So, keep going when you pull him up.

- [Steven] Oh, the wrist just did that to me.

- [Researcher 3] Oh no! - [Steven] That was not my fault.

- [Researcher 5], Oh, that's, okay.

- [Steven] Oh, man.

(Researcher 5, sighs) The wrist is not helping me there at all.

- [Steven] Hold on a sec.

It might pop out here.

- [Researcher 3] Oh, okay.

- [Researcher 5] Basking.

- [Steven] Yeah.

Maybe open the box.

- [Researcher 1] See.

If it jumps into the box.

- [Steven] I'm gonna get it to float out from here.

- [Researcher 6], Oh, hey!, (Researcher, 3, laughs), Oh! - [Researcher 5], Oh!, Wait, oh! - [Researcher 3].



Go in.

Go in!, (Researcher, 3, laughs) - [Researcher 5] Oh! - [Annabelle] Oh.

My goodness.

- [Steven] Okay, okay, okay.

Everybody just calm down, calm down., (Everyone laughs) - [Researcher 3] Sorry.

- [Annabelle] Oh.

My goodness.

- [Researcher 6] Thank you! - [Researcher 3] Oh! - [Steven] Calm, down., Everybody, calm down.

- [Researcher 6] Here.

We go, close, close.

- [Steven] And close.

The box.

- [Researcher 3], Close, close, close, close!, (Steven, laughs), Oh, my gosh, that was the most epic sample collection of all time.

- [Researcher 6] That was cosmic.

- [Researcher 3] That was epic.

That was meant to be.

- [Researcher 6] You.

Better love up on that urchin.

- [Annabelle] How did you- - [Researcher 3] Wow!, (ethereal, music) - [Researcher 6] Oh yeah.

- [Researcher 3] It looks the resting pose.

This one, hey? - [Researcher 1] Yeah.

- [Researcher 3] I lost my hat, but I found it.

(Researcher 1, laughs), Very, small.

- [Researcher 5].

Go ahead on push on it, please.

- [Researcher 3] Do.

We know what type of species? This jellyfish? - [Researcher 6] This.

One I, always forget its name, and I.

Am looking it up right? Now.

- [Researcher 5] Oh, hey, just kidding, come and look by there.

My favorite, slash the most depressing thing ever about some mud dives is when you have fish that are sitting on the mud and you realize you can see them in the sonar because everything else is so flat., (Researcher 1 laughs) - [Annabelle] Does.

It look like it has a yellow part to it? - [Researcher 1] It does.

- [Researcher 7] It's got a little toupee.

(Researcher, 3 laughs) - [Researcher 3], Or, helmet, or hood.

- [Researcher 1] This definitely looks like a different species of Atolla.

- [Researcher 5], Go ahead and get a little better.

Zoom if you can.

- [Researcher 3], You know, those bike helmets that have like the- - [Researcher 5] Spikes on them? - [Researcher 3] Spikes, yeah, sticking out.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah.

- [Researcher 3] Sort of looks like that., (ethereal music) - [Researcher 2] Oh.

Another one of those Atollas.

This, one is almost all black, or dark at least.

That's, very cool., Very, tiny., (ethereal, music) - [Researcher 6] Do.

We know the life cycle of these jellies? - [Researcher 5] I, don't know, if they know the full life cycle of these, I know, they're known for other medusas and it's likely that these have a very similar life.


Okay, goodbye.

- [Researcher 3], Get, outta, here., I, like you too much to be close to you.

Goodbye, friend.

- [Steven] With.

Good looking- - [Researcher 1], Oh, chaunacops!, (Researcher, 3, gasps) - [Annabelle] Chaunacops! - [Researcher 3] Yay! - [Researcher 1] There.

We go.

- [Researcher 7], Yay!, Uh, oh.

- [Researcher 1], Uh, oh, he's, not happy about that.

- [Researcher 3] I think we're a bit loud.

(Researcher, 3, laughs) - [Researcher 1] Yeah.

He heard us yelling.

The way.

He swims is so adorable.

- [Steven] I'll zoom.

- [Researcher 3] Or, maybe he's coming to say, hi to us.

- [Researcher 1], I, don't know, that frown says, otherwise., (Researcher, 3 laughs) - [Researcher 7] Hey, buddy.

- [Researcher 3], Aw., Oh, oh, okay, bye., (Researcher 1, laughs) - [Researcher 1] Oh.


This is what we were talking about earlier, when we said, the chaunacops, or the coffinfish as its also referred to.

This, one seems to be a little bit more orange than the red one that we found, but- - [Steven] Yeah, yeah.

This is a little more typical colored one.

- [Researcher 1] He's, an ugly little guy, isn't, he? - [Researcher 3] I think he's cute.

- [Researcher 1] Well.

You know, sure.

To, each their own, I, guess., (Researcher, 3 laughs) - [Steven] A face.

Only a mother could love.

- [Researcher 1], Yeah., (Researcher, 3 laughs) - [Researcher 1] Any, parasites on this one? Looks like it's got some sediment stuck to the bottom.

- [Researcher 7] Are, those fins or little feet that it has tucked away in the bottom? - [Researcher 1] Yeah, they're modified fins that act like feet, with air quotes, yeah., But, they're, really just fins.

- [Researcher 3] That is so cool.

- [Researcher 1] Got.

A good look at his underside.

- [Steven] Gorgeous, orange eyes.

- [Researcher 3] Wow.

- [Researcher 1] I've.

Never seen one swim this far up before.

These probably are more active.

They probably will use their photosynthetic lure to maybe, bioluminescent, sorry, lure to attract prey.


(ethereal music) - [Researcher 5] All right, just got a small snack break.

And this thing comes along, so., Go ahead and push in on there, please- - [Researcher 7] It smelled the snacks.

- [Researcher 5], I, know, actually- - [Researcher 1] Oh, wow, it's doing the work.

(Researcher 7, laughs) - [Researcher 5] Seems to be a popular dance.

Move with these guys, doesn't, it?, (Researcher 1, laughs) It's, giving a really nice view of his feeding appendages, they're on the front.

So each of those little hand features at the top, it will scoop up the sediment and move it into its mouth.

- [Steven] Just gave us like an awesome 360.

- [Researcher 3], Oh, yeah., Cool.

- [Steven] Yeah, that is far out.

- [Researcher 5] Go, a little tighter in.

If you don't mind? - [Steven] Sure, I'll, go tighter.

Look at that.

- [Researcher 5] That's, a nice highlight.

- [Steven] Yeah, for sure.

I like its sort of cape on its back there.

Kinda pops up as his head goes down.

I guess, that's his head.

(Researcher 5, laughs) - [Researcher 1] Yeah.

- [Steven] It's.

Front end., Maybe.

That thing was cool.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah.

- [Researcher 5], All, right, friend, we'll, leave.

You alone.

- [Steven] Do.

We know what kind? - [Researcher 1] Actually- - [Steven] Wow.

- [Researcher 1], I, don't know.

But this will definitely make- - [Researcher 3] Oh.

- [Researcher 1] Make.

Some highlights.

- [Researcher 7] Oh, it's.

So cool looking.

Wait that's where they got the original alien concept.

- [Researcher 3], Honestly., (Researcher, 3 laughs) - [Researcher 7] Great, big, head.

- [Researcher 3].


Two little, are those its eyes? Beady little black things? - [Researcher 1], Must, be., Yeah, yeah.

- [Researcher 3] Oh.

My gosh.

- [Steven] We're gonna wanna get close ups of this for sure.


Actually, you can identify these to genus and sometimes species, so.


You look at the morphology of the tentacles seems to be most important.

I've, never actually seen this type of octopus on deep sea ones, before.

Usually we get the dumbos.


This is not a dumbo.

- [Researcher 1] He's, a smart boy., He's, wondering, what's going on- - [Researcher 5] Whoa.

- [Researcher 1] Wow.

- [Researcher 3] I feel like its staring straight into my soul.

(Everyone laughs) Oh.

My gosh.

- [Steven] Nice, shot., Wow, nice., How, many rows of suction cups.

Do we have? - [Researcher 1], Quick count.

- [Steven] Not quite getting three for that.

- [Researcher 3] I think the caspers only has one row.

- [Steven] Could be what it is, yeah, that's tagged from NHI, which is Northwest Hawaiian, Islands, close enough.

- [Researcher 3] It's.

So cute.

- [Researcher 1] Wow.

- [Steven] It really does look like its staring into your soul.

- [Researcher 1] That's, how they get you.

(Everyone laughs) - [Steven] My goodness.

- [Researcher 1] I wonder, what he's thinking right, now., Probably nothing.

- [Steven] Hey, don't underestimate the intelligence of cephalopods.

- [Researcher 7] Trying to figure out how to get into the alien spaceship.

(Everyone laughs) - [Annabelle] It's never been seen in this Pacific Ocean before.

So it's, pretty special.

- [Researcher 1], That's, kinda cool., I'm, sorry, not kinda cool, that is cool.

- [Researcher 3] It's, very cool.

- [Researcher 1] I, don't know why I said, "kinda, cool".

- [Researcher 5] You're trying to play it cool.

- [Researcher 1] I'm trying to play it chill, yeah., (Researcher 5, laughs), "Cool, I'm, not"- - [Researcher 5] "This is all right, yeah." - [Researcher 1] Not on the edge of my seat or nothing.

- [Researcher 6] Those are nice shots.

- [Researcher 2] Do.

You know, the life span of these ombabulas? - [Researcher 5] I have no idea.

- [Researcher 2] They're, not like corals.

They can live- - [Researcher 5] They are corals.

- [Researcher 2] Oh.

They are corals? - [Researcher 5].

But corals are highly variable in life span.

So I, don't, know.

- [Researcher 6] So have we seen other ones of these in this area? - [Researcher 5] Well no.

This is the first time it's been seen in the Pacific.

We've seen other ombabulas.

This isn't, an ombabula.

It just looks like one.

- [Researcher 1], Oh, wow, it's.

So big.

- [Steven] It's, super tall, yeah.

- [Researcher 1] It looks like a prop from- - [Steven] Can I.

Take the lasers off? For, a bit, lasers off? - [Researcher 1] That looks so cool.

That looks wicked.

- [Steven] It's so interesting, the bit on the right there., It's, almost like a structure to hold it up.

- [Researcher 1] Yeah.

So what are all these things? Like? The tentacle-y looking things.

- [Researcher 5], So, that's, yeah, the tentacles of the polyp.

- [Researcher 1] Okay.

- [Researcher 5] Those are for capturing food.



Then the mouth is gonna be in the middle of there that's, bringing it down.

- [Researcher 1] So, just a big ole polyp? - [Researcher 5] Yep.

- [Researcher 1] Just.

One, big, ole, polyp? - [Researcher 5] Yep.

- [Researcher 1], One?, (Everyone, laughs) - [Steven] Yes.

- [Researcher 5] Do.

You see another one?, (Researcher 5, laughs) - [Researcher 3] Would.

These be the sclereids? Or just little wrinkles? - [Researcher 1] That is insane.


Mind is blown right? Now.

- [Researcher 5] I.

Think it senses us.

Here, 'cause I noticed.

It sort of pulled them in when we settled.

- [Researcher 3] It looks cool with the- - [Researcher 5] It almost looks like tree roots.

The little wrinkly parts.

- [Steven] Okay, are we- - [Researcher 5] Yeah.

- [Steven] Good to start? - [Researcher 5] I'm good.

- [Steven] Okay.

- [Researcher 3] Yep.

- [Abrien] I'm Abrien, Currington, a science.

Communication, fellow aboard, the Exploration Vessel Nautilus., I'm, also an illustrator and a cartographer.

When I tell people that I'm a cartographer, they usually assume that I make maps of land.

The study is involved in the creation of all maps, including those of the ocean and other water, features.

Today we're going to explore the differences between cartography and hydrography.

First up, cartography.

This is the art of visually, representing a geographical area.

Hydrography, on the other hand, is defined as the science that measures and describes the physical features of bodies of water.

And the land areas adjacent to those bodies of water.

- [Madison] Well.

Hi everyone.

Welcome aboard.

E/V Nautilus.

My name is Madison, Dapcevich and I'm a communications lead for the NA142 cruise, which is a cruise dedicated to dual technology.

Seafloor mapping.

Joining me in the studio today is mapping coordinator, Erin, Heffron, hey, Erin.

- Hey, Maddy.

How are you? - I'm good.

- Yeah,? So we're, just back in Honolulu after three weeks at sea mapping the sea floor of Papahānaumokuākea, Marine, National, Monument., It's, a world heritage monument, it encompasses more than a half million square miles of ocean waters.

And in the monument there's 10 islands and holds of the Northwest Hawaiian Islands.

- [Madison] Yeah, and what's unique about this mapping cruise is of course that the Ocean Exploration Trust was joined by scientists from NOAA and from the University of New Hampshire.

And as part of the dual technology testing initiative, which was set out to determine how mapping systems aboard Nautilus may work in conjunction with those aboard was the un-crewed, or autonomous, surface, vessel, DriX.

- [Erin] So.

We transited out of Honolulu about three weeks ago.

We always try to transit over areas that have no multi coverage.

So, I selected this track line along some area that had some gaps.

It took us quite shallow, as you can see.

We came up to, gosh, less than 100 meters on this part of it.

And then continued on to the monument.


Then we went and investigated NIHOA.

So we were splitting the time with DriX.

And so we would go map our little hearts out every chance we got, usually overnight.

- We have just started here at Ocean Exploration Trust, but we're calling From Shore to the Abyss.

This program.


Historically, we've really been focused on the deep sea, and we're really excited, in partnership with National Geographic, to be bringing National Geographic explorers on board, Nautilus to focus on more shallow reef ecosystems for the very first time.


So we're, really looking to connect from shore to the abyss.

(ethereal music) - [Madison] National Geographic Society is funding this explorer-led research project and four others aboard, the E/V Nautilus to improve our understanding of Hawaii's, unique ecosystems, inform conservation efforts, and inspire the next generation of explorers and planetary stewards.

(ethereal music).


What is the deepest ocean exploration 2022? ›

In 2022, NOAA Ocean Exploration will spend more than 200 days at sea while exploring two ocean basins. From February through mid-August, NOAA Ocean Exploration will continue operations in the deep waters of the North Atlantic Ocean on NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer.

What are the new discoveries in the ocean 2022? ›

In 2022, scientists confirmed a new species large isopod(opens in a new tab), which looks similar to a roly-poly — though a giant roly-poly. These, armored 14-legged creatures inhabit the deep sea, feasting on fallen prey, like whales.

How much of the ocean has been discovered 2022? ›

Though people have been exploring the ocean's surface for tens of thousands of years, only about 20% of the seafloor has been mapped, according to 2022 figures from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

What is the deepest sea expedition? ›

The Five Deeps Expedition was the first to reach the deepest point in each of the Earth's five oceans: the Puerto Rico Trench in the Atlantic, South Sandwich Trench in the Southern Ocean, Java Trench in the Indian Ocean, Challenger Deep in the Pacific and Molloy Deep in the Arctic.

What sea monsters were found in the ocean in 2022? ›

The team spotted the bigfin squid, from the family Magnapinnidae, just above the floor of the Philippine Trench to the east of the Phillipines at a staggering depth of around 20,300 feet (6,200 m) below the surface. The researchers also spotted four dumbo octopuses (Grimpoteuthis sp.) at a similar depth.

How deep has a human gone in the ocean 2022? ›

Jacques Piccard and two other men descended, inside a sturdy vehicle called Trieste, into the ocean to a depth of 10,911 meters, nearly seven miles. The explorers discovered amazing deep-sea life at these incredible depths. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was founded in the USA.

What is the biggest ocean creature to date 2022? ›

Not only is the blue whale the largest animal to live on the Earth today, they are also the largest animal to have ever existed on Earth. A blue whale can grow up to 100 feet long and weigh upwards of 200 tons.

What will be the ocean by 2050? ›

There are increasing high levels of man-made pollution in many of the world's seas and little actually disappears. By 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in the world's oceans. We live on a blue planet; the world's oceans cover three quarters of the Earth.

What is the new sea creature found in the ocean? ›

Coelorinchus zinjianus, a type of fish, is characterized by its “long and pointed, diamond-shaped” snout and is smaller than other similar species, according to a study published June 8 in Zootaxa. Photos of the creature show its snout extended over its mouth, which is located on the underside of its head.

What year will oceans be empty? ›

The world's oceans could virtually be emptied for fish by 2048. A study shows that if nothing changes, we will run out of seafood for normal consumption in 2048. If we want to preserve the ecosystems of the sea, change is needed.

Why is 95% of the ocean unexplored? ›

The intense pressures in the deep ocean make it an extremely difficult environment to explore.” Although you don't notice it, the pressure of the air pushing down on your body at sea level is about 15 pounds per square inch. If you went up into space, above the Earth's atmosphere, the pressure would decrease to zero.

Which ocean is not salt water? ›

The least saline ocean, by comparison, is the Arctic Ocean, which has a typical salinity of 28–30 g/kg owing to the low rate of evaporation and meltwater from the ice-caps.

Where is the deepest place on Earth? ›

The deepest part of the ocean is called the Challenger Deep and is located beneath the western Pacific Ocean in the southern end of the Mariana Trench, which runs several hundred kilometers southwest of the U.S. territorial island of Guam. Challenger Deep is approximately 10,935 meters (35,876 feet) deep.

How deep has a human gone in the ocean? ›

Last year an expedition to the Mariana Trench made history by conducting the deepest crewed dive ever completed as it descended 10,927 metres into the Challenger Deep.

What lives at the bottom of the Mariana Trench? ›

Deep sea amoebas, shrimp-like creatures, and sea cucumbers live at the bottom of the Mariana Trench. Mariana Trench animals include xenophyophores, amphipods, and small sea cucumbers (holothurians) which all dwell at the bottom of the ocean's deepest depression.

What is the rarest animal in the sea? ›

The vaquita is the world's rarest sea mammal and one of the most endangered animals in the world. Their name means 'little cow' in Spanish, and they are a unique species of porpoise, with a small, chunky body and a round head.

Why don t deep sea creatures get crushed? ›

Many sea creatures are made of mostly water. Water cannot be compressed, or squeezed, by pressure like air can. This means that animals in the sea can stay safe when in the depths of the sea, as their body is balanced with the pressure around them, whereas we have air in our bodies that would be crushed.

Has any human been to the bottom of the ocean? ›

On 23 January 1960, two explorers, US navy lieutenant Don Walsh and Swiss engineer Jacques Piccard, became the first people to dive 11km (seven miles) to the bottom of the Mariana Trench. As a new wave of adventurers gear up to repeat the epic journey, Don Walsh tells the BBC about their remarkable deep-sea feat.

How much of the ocean is undiscovered? ›

More than 80 percent of the ocean has never been mapped, explored, or even seen by humans. A far greater percentage of the surfaces of the moon and the planet Mars has been mapped and studied than of our own ocean floor. Although there is much more to learn, oceanographers have already made some amazing discoveries.

Have humans been to the ocean floor? ›

Thousands have climbed Mount Everest, and a handful of people have walked on the moon. But reaching the lowest part of the ocean? Only three people have ever done that, and one was a U.S. Navy submariner.

Is there a giant creature in the ocean? ›

Today we know sea monsters aren't real--but a living sea animal, the giant squid, has 10 arms and can grow longer than a school bus.

What is the longest creature ever seen in the ocean? ›

Based on a rough calculation from the submersible's track, the spiral-shaped siphonophore is a candidate for the longest specimen ever encountered. At about 45 metres (150ft), it could even be the longest animal ever to be measured, much longer than a blue whale.

What is a gummy squirrel? ›

Psychropotes longicauda, nicknamed the 'gummy squirrel' because of its long tail and resemblance to a certain type of jelly sweet. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. The under side of a gummy squirrel, showing its bright red feeding palps (the flower-like structure) and underbelly.

What will happen to the ocean in 2025? ›

The amount of plastic in the ocean could triple by the year 2025, according to a new report from Britain, seriously bad news considering there is already over 5.25 trillion pieces of plastic trash in the world's oceans.

What will our oceans look like in 100 years? ›

But in our best-case scenarios, oceans are on track to rise 2 to 3 feet (0.6 to 0.9 metres) by 2100. Even a sea-level rise below 3 feet (0.9 metres) could displace up to 4 million people. Oceans not only will have less ice at the poles, but they will also continue to acidify in the tropics.

How many years until the ocean rises? ›

Sea level along the U.S. coastline is projected to rise, on average, 10 - 12 inches (0.25 - 0.30 meters) in the next 30 years (2020 - 2050), which will be as much as the rise measured over the last 100 years (1920 - 2020).

What is the most beautiful sea creature? ›

Seahorses are considered by many the most beautiful creatures of the sea, for their unique elegance.

What is the evil sea creature called? ›

Kraken. The legendary Kraken is an iconic sea monster that was believed to be a menace to sailors on the Norwegian and Greenland coasts. The name of this monster derives from Norwegian, which means “unhealthy or twisted beast.” It could be the colossal sea monster ever envisioned.

What creature runs the ocean? ›

Killer Whales

But the true ruler of the sea is the killer whale.

What ocean is declining? ›

Under the influence of gravity, these plates slide down and away from the bathymetric high of the mid-ocean ridge and sink into the asthenosphere at subduction zones. Today, the Pacific is the best example of a declining ocean with subduction zones forming the Pacific Ring of Fire.

What is the most overfished fish in the world? ›

Bluefin tuna are heavily overfished, and most experts agree that without prompt intervention, the slow-growing, slow-maturing species will become extinct. International regulation is tricky, however, since the bluefin tuna is known to migrate thousands of miles across the ocean.

Is there a hidden ocean in the earth? ›

Now, people are only just realizing that there's a massive ocean hidden under the Earth's crust. It turns out there's a huge supply of water 400 miles underground stored in rock known as “ringwoodite.”

Why can't we map the ocean floor? ›

Unlike mapping the land, we can't measure the landscape of the sea floor directly from satellites using radar, because sea water blocks those radio waves.

Does the ocean have a floor? ›

Like dry land, the ocean floor has various features including flat plains, sharp mountains, and rugged canyons (Fig. 7.1). However, the lowest point in the world ocean is much deeper than the highest point on land. The ocean floor is continually being formed and destroyed.

Which ocean water is the coldest? ›

A “supercoolometer”, a device that sounds like it should be used to measure hipsters, has found the coldest seawater on Earth, under Antarctic sea ice.

Can you drink ocean water? ›

Drinking seawater can be deadly to humans.

Seawater contains salt. When humans drink seawater, their cells are thus taking in water and salt. While humans can safely ingest small amounts of salt, the salt content in seawater is much higher than what can be processed by the human body.

Which ocean is freshwater? ›

There are no freshwater seas or oceans in the world.

How many people have been to the bottom of the Mariana Trench 2022? ›

While thousands of climbers have successfully scaled Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth, only two people have descended to the planet's deepest point, the Challenger Deep in the Pacific Ocean's Mariana Trench.

How deep is the Atlantic Ocean 2022? ›

Atlantic Ocean
Max. depthPuerto Rico Trench 8,376 m (27,480 ft)
Water volume310,410,900 km3 (74,471,500 cu mi)
Shore length1111,866 km (69,510 mi) including marginal seas
IslandsList of islands
10 more rows

Has anything been found at the bottom of the Mariana Trench? ›

The Mariana Hadal Snailfish is the deepest fish species ever recovered from the Mariana Trench. Researchers caught this record-breaking fish 27,460 feet below sea level, and scientists theorize the maximum depth possible for fish is 27,900 feet.

How much does it cost to go to the bottom of the Mariana Trench? ›

You Can Now Ride a Submarine to the Deepest Point on Earth. While billionaires vie for the stars, $750,000 trips to the bottom of the Marianas Trench will begin departing in May. The Limiting Factor submarine fills her ballast tanks and prepares to dive to full ocean depth.

What is the deepest sea on Earth? ›

The deepest part of the ocean is called the Challenger Deep and is located beneath the western Pacific Ocean in the southern end of the Mariana Trench, which runs several hundred kilometers southwest of the U.S. territorial island of Guam. Challenger Deep is approximately 10,935 meters (35,876 feet) deep.

What is the biggest ocean of the world? ›

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of the world ocean basins. Covering approximately 63 million square miles and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, the Pacific is by far the largest of the world's ocean basins.

How cold is the water in the Atlantic ocean? ›

In the North Atlantic the temperature decreases slowly toward the bottom from a value of about 41 °F (5 °C) at roughly 3,000 feet (900 metres) to about 36.5 °F (2.5 °C) at the seafloor.

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